How to Craft a Powerful Personal Essay

 

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After a 20-plus-year career in publishing, I know how to expertly package material to get an editor’s (and reader’s) attention and I can help you do it, too. Here are my tips on how to successfully write a personal essay that will get read, shared, and appreciated.

 

#1: Mine Your Life for Stories

Writing is one area where age and experience works in your favor in publishing. Think about it: The more you have lived, the more stories you can tell. Couple that with a timely or trendy topic or angle, and you have publishing gold.

Writing a personal essay works best when you can write about a topic that you are passionate (or obsessed) about. I wrote a piece that won a Voices of the Year honor at #BlogHer15, “Giving Up the Ghost Baby,” after undergoing a devastating ectopic pregnancy. A piece I wrote for Marie Claire was about a creepy roommate I had years ago, who had never left my mind because her behavior was so bizarre.

#2 Open Strong

A powerful opening brings your reader right into the action, rather than including background information in a conversational style. Many of us have probably written in this conversational style on our blogs; for instance, “I woke up this morning, had coffee (black), drove to the supermarket, looked up and down the aisles searching for the perfect avocado, and then can you believe it, a crazy man started screaming at me …”

A personal essay, though, must be crafted with carefully chosen words. It would likely start right in the middle of the action, with perhaps a small preface. “Standing in the supermarket, perusing the summer-fattened avocados, I heard a staccato of background noise. To my horror, the sound was housed in the body of a small, wizened man, and he was at screaming at me …”

Great opening sentences of essays get your attention, make you want to read on and often pose a question that you feel needs to be answered.

#3 It’s All in the Sensory Details

A good personal essay includes lots of details to paint a vivid picture for the reader. Don’t just say you ate a muffin. An essay would describe the muffin—what it tasted or smelled like, and what it evoked in you.

Case in point: “As I ate the blueberry muffin; its tart aroma made me gasp, as I recalled seeing my lover hand-feeding its morsels into the grasping mouth of another woman.” Using lots of sensory images depicting examples of sight, sounds, touch, or taste (and its effect on you) invites the reader into the story.

#4 Use Words that Work

We’ve all seen the word “amazing” a thousand times. While it may work in a quick, casual post, in an essay you need every word to work for you. The more common the word, the more readers will tend to overlook it—and your writing as well. So if you want to write the word “happy,” try substituting a different word like “elated,” or “delighted.” When I was writing a personal essay, I would always write a first draft and then go through the essay, substituting more interesting or unusual words.

#5: Create a Flow

A good personal essay has a narrative arc: a beginning, a middle, and an end. While you are at it, avoid clichés and get rid of most adverbs (words ending, for the most part in ly)—they represent lazy writing.

#6: Leave the Reader with a Gift

Your reader should get a universal takeaway message from your essay. This means that some transformation or learning or understanding has taken place and that’s what you convey in those last sentences.

#7 Sound It Out/Print It Out

I like to read my essay out loud, so I can catch clunky words or too many repetitions (I try to avoid using the same word more than twice). I also print it out, because sometimes you just need to see it on paper (and not the screen) to catch other errors.

I can’t wait to see what you write.

Note: A version of this article was originally commissioned by BlogHer, and appeared on the website. 

 

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8 thoughts on “How to Craft a Powerful Personal Essay”

  1. I would love to learn how to write the perfect personal essay. I find it most difficult to write the ending and how to leave a message that would make my readers coming back for more. Thanks for these tips. I will keep working hard to improve my writing skills.

  2. These are excellent tips! It’s funny I have a blog, but still call myself a horrible writer. Will definitely try these out in my next piece!

  3. Great tips for writers. I am always willing to learn and create better as a writer and freelancer and I will definitely take in some of these tips.

  4. I’m guilty of number 2 and number 4. I agree with how much experience can help you when writing an essay. It’s one of the things that I lean on especially on topics that I find difficult to write.

  5. Opening strong is great advice. It’s like what we learned in my high school theater class. Movies that start with a lot of action draw you right in. The same could definitely be said for essays too!

  6. This was a very good read I am always looking for ways to engage my readers and interest them through the whole post. I love your tip about creating the action that will stimulate the interest.

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